Facts about Lachlan Macquarie present the information about the British Army officer. He was from Scotland. Macquarie also served as a colonial administrator. He was born on 31 January 1762 and died on 1 July 1824. The Major General played an important role in the history of Australia. In 1810 until 1821, he took the position as the last autocratic Governor of New South Wales. Let us check other interesting facts about Macquarie below:
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 1: the role of Macquarie
Macquarie played a major role for developing of New South Wales in term of architecture, economics and social.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 2: the free settlement
New South Wales was a penal colony. It was transformed into free settlement due to the important role of Macquarie. In the beginning of 19th century, Macquarie was known for his role shaping the society of Australia.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 3: the Father of Australia
Macquarie was described as the Father of Australia from the inscription found in his tomb located in Scotland.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 4: the birthplace
The birthplace of Macquarie was located on the island of Ulva at the West Coast of Scotland.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 5: the family
His family clan was from high-class family of Macquarie. For more than thousands of years, his Scottish Highland family owned an area located in Isle of Mull, Staffa and Ulva.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 6: leaving the island
When Macquarie was 14 years old, he left the island. He was educated at Royal High School of Edinburgh. However, he decided to become a volunteer in the army and gave up his education.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 7: the American War of Independence
He participated in the American War of Independence. In 1777, he travelled to North America after joining the 84th Regiment on Foot. He took part in the Battle of the Newcastle Jane.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 8: the personal life
Macquarie and Jane Jarvis married in 1793. Her father was the Chief Justice of Antigua. Jane passed away because of tuberculosis three years after the marriage. The second wife of Macquarie was his cousin Elizabeth Henrietta Campbell. Both married in November 1807.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 9: Governor of New South Wales
Macquarie served as Governor of New South Wales in April 1809.
Facts about Lachlan Macquarie 10: promotion
While Macquarie was serving as the governor of New South Wales, he earned various promotions. In 1810, he was promoted as Colonel. In 1811, he became Brigadier. In 1813, he was Major General.
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